How to Install Docker on RHEL 8 (AlmaLinux/RockyLinux)

How to Install Docker on RHEL 8

Docker is a container-based software that allows multiple applications to run inside the containers. This is a virtualization platform that is useful for developers and other users to feel fewer compatibility issues with an operating system. In Docker, various containers can communicate with each other and share the same kernel. So, you can run different applications in multiple containers. Docker can be installed on almost on all major distributions such as Windows, Linux (RHEL based distros, Debian based distros, etc.), Mac OS.

In this article we’ll explore how you can install Docker on a RHEL 8 distribution, such as AlmaLinux 8 or Rocky Linux 8, using the command-line. In our example we’ll be using AlmaLinux 8.

Objectives

The main objective of this tutorial is to demonstrate how to install Docker on RHEL 8. After installing, how you can verify either Docker is installed on your system or not. So, we will provide the command through which you easily verify the Docker installation. We will learn about different Linux commands, to enable, start, and get the status of the Docker service. Furthermore, we will learn how to search for Docker images from the docker hub. At the end of this tutorial, you will be able to pull and run the docker container image on your RHEL 8.

Prerequisites

  • RHEL 8 distribution should be running on your system.
  • Non-root users should have sudo privileges.
  • 15 GB or enough disk space is required to run the Docker containers.

Installation of Docker Container on RHEL 8

In the RHEL 8 system, docker container packages are not included by default, so you can’t install docker using the ‘dnf install’ command. First, you will need to include the Docker repository in your system and then remove the conflicting dependencies or packages that are installed by default on the RHEL distribution.

Let’s implement! The following steps will help you to install the docker container on RHEL 8 distribution:

Step 1: Add Docker Repository in RHEL 8

Here, we are including the docker repository in the RHEL distribution that is made for the CentOS system. Add the official docker repository on your RHEL 8 distribution. So, you don’t need to download docker packages manually on your system. Before adding the docker repository, install the following yum-utils that give you the yum configuration manager command-line tool.

sudo dnf update
sudo dnf install -y yum-utils

yum utils

Now, add the Docker repository to your system by using the following command:

sudo dnf config-manager –add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

add docker repo

Once the Docker repository is added to your RHEL distro, you can install the docker without downloading its packages manually which is much more time-consuming.

Step 2: Update System Repositories

Update the system repositories for the changes to take effect. Use the following command to allow your RHEL distribution to rebuild the system repositories cache.

sudo dnf update

update

To confirm whether the docker repository has been added to your RHEL system, run the following command:

sudo dnf repolist

repolist

Step 3: Remove Conflicting Packages

Before starting the Docker installation, you need to remove the conflicting packages, such as the “podman” and “buildah” packages, from your system. These packages conflict with Docker during the installation and prevent it from being installed on your RHEL 8 distribution. Use the following command to uninstall conflicting packages:

sudo dnf remove podman buildah

remove podman

Step 4: Install Docker on RHEL 8

Finally, at this point you will install the docker packages on your system by running the following command:

sudo dnf install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

install docker

Step 5: Enable Docker Service

Once the installation of Docker is completed, enable the Docker service and start it on your system by running the following commands:

sudo systemctl start docker.service
sudo systemctl enable docker.service

services info

Now, the docker service will automatically start with the system boot.

After enabling the Docker service, view the running status to verify that Docker is working properly on your system.

sudo systemctl status docker.service

status

Step 6: Check Docker Version

Once Docker is installed, you can easily check the installed Docker version by executing the following command:

sudo docker version

docker version

One more quick method is given to check details about Docker’s configuration and the Docker containers that are currently running on your system.

sudo docker info

info

Step 7: Add non-root User to Docker group

If you don’t want to use “sudo” to run a Docker command on your system, you need to add the no-root user of your system to the Docker group. In this way, you can run the docker command as a non-root or current user. This is an optional step.

sudo usermod -aG docker $USER

After adding a non-root user to the docker group, reboot your system for the changes to take effect on your system.

reboot

Step 8: Test Docker

To test Docker, pull the hello world packages on your system by running the following command.

docker pull hello-world

hello world docker img

The above output shows that docker has downloaded the ‘hello-world’ image successfully.

Once the ‘hello-world’ image is downloaded, now run this image by executing the following command:

docker run hello-world

run hello world img

This output verifies that Docker is working properly on your system.

After installing Docker on your system, you can build containerized applications using Docker and some other helpful tools.

Conclusion

We have performed the installation of Docker CE in this article. We demonstrated how to install Docker on a RHEL 8 distribution. Moreover, how to test the working of Docker on a Linux system via terminal. To get more help about Docker usage, visit the official Docker documentation. Thanks!

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Logan
Logan
20 days ago

If you get a bunch of errors about containerd.io conflicting with runc when you use ‘sudo dnf update’, you’ll need to ‘sudo dnf remove runc’, ‘sudo dnf clean all’, and then ‘sudo dnf update’ before you attempt to install docker.

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